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Foundation Building to Improve Pull-ups
The Pull-up is the great equalizer when it comes to hard exercises to master. Questions from how to do more, how to do any, how to ace pull-up fitness tests come in all the time. Over the years, we have created and used many workouts (like the ones below) to improve pull-ups, but one of the first elements you should consider before doing pull-ups is: How much do you weigh?
I had an email the other day from a 30 year old man who is 270 lbs and can do 9-10 pull-ups. Naturally, I am impressed because when I put on a 60-70lb vest or back pack and try to do pull-ups (I weigh 200lbs), I cannot perform but 1-2 pull-ups and I can do 25+ NO KIP pull-ups on my best day. But, he is not happy with that performance and asks, Stew, I can do 9-10 pull-ups, but the second set drops to 4-5, and the third set drops to 2-3. Do you have any recommendations to build up my overall numbers as well as my workout sets?
First of all, most people who weigh 270lbs cannot do any pull-ups. If you think about it the pull-up (and the dip) is the heavy weight lifting exercise of the calisthenics category. To complete a rep, you have to move your entire bodyweight with your arms / back muscles up and down over a bar. In my experience, there are three steps to building more pull-ups:
Build a Foundation: The more you weigh, the harder this exercise is. If any of your present bodyweight is fat that you would like to lose anyway, then start on a path of weight loss through moderate eating and cardio training to lose some of that extra weight. Also work the muscles of the pull-up: grip of the hand / forearm, biceps, rear deltoids, and lats (latissimus dorsi) after you have burned out from your pull-up workouts. This will help you fully develop all the muscles in primary and supplemental workouts to better your ability to do pull-ups. If you cannot do ANY pull-ups, then start off with pull-downs on a lat machine, try assisted pull-ups on a Gravitron machine, or have your workout partner spot you and lift you over the bar. Once over the bar, hold the flexed arm hang for 5-10 seconds then slowly let yourself down to a 5 second count. The more you control your weight on the DOWN, the quicker you will be able to perform an UP pull-up on your own.
Sample Workout for Foundation Building:
Build Upon the Foundation: Once you can
get to the level of strength that you can perform a pull-up and your goal is
to get more reps (20+), it is now time to turn the pull-up workout into an
endurance and muscle stamina workout by doing multiple sets and build up to
a failure point. One of the best ways to do this is to do a pyramid
workout. This is a simple workout to create but difficult as you will be
able to get a warm-up, max out, and a cool-down all rolled into a great
Each level gets more difficult that the previous set. Start off with 1 pull-up. I like to add in other exercises to balance out the workout and provide a good opposite muscle group rest. Pushups, dips, and/or sit-ups make a great addition to the pyramid set. So the first set would look like this: 1 pull-up, 2 pushups, 3 sit-ups. With NO rest, go to level 2 of the pyramid and do: 2 pull-ups, 4 pushups, 6 sit-ups. Continue to level 3: 3 pull-ups, 6 pushups, 9 sit-ups or abs of choice. The goal is to go until you fail at pull-ups, THEN repeat in reverse order until you get back to level 1.
Keep going if 6 is easy...See if you can get 10 and back down!
The pyramid does a nice job of getting you to the next level of pull-ups usually in the 15-20 range.
Next Level of Pull-ups: If your goal is
to get well above the 15 rep mark, then you need to change up the workouts a
little more and start hitting failure zones more often in your workouts.
For this I like to fail on multiple sets of sub-max reps. This means I do a
super set of several exercises in circuit form but do 8-10 sets of all
sub-max effort reps. For instance, If I can do 15 pull-ups, 60 pushups, 60
sit-ups, I recommend trying the following super set workout:
Another harder type of workout is to fail at every
set. This one requires max effort every set, but I only recommend doing
this one 1 time a week in conjunction with a pyramid or super set workout
for the other two upper-body workouts of the week:
Another one of my favorite pull-up workouts I like to
do is the
8 count bodybuilder pushup and pull-up pyramid. This is a great
way to simulate an obstacle course when you do not have one to train on:
As you can see at first it takes strength to be able to do a pull-up. Once you have the initial strength to do one pull-up, it becomes an endurance exercise to be able to perform multiple reps and multiple sets without fail. I hope you grow to enjoy pull-ups as they are an essential part of staying in great shape.
Check out the StewSmith.com Fitness Store for answers to your weight loss and pull-ups goals. All programs are written by Stew Smith and access to Stew is as simple as emailing him at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Cannot do Pullups? Check out the TRX
Stew Smith is a former Navy SEAL and fitness author
certified as a Strength and Conditioning Specialist (CSCS) with the National
Strength and Conditioning Association. If you are interested in starting a
workout program to create a healthy lifestyle - check out the StewSmith.com
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