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 Q and A with Stew Smith for a High School Project (updated June 2012)


Recently, I received a letter in the mail from a high school junior who was doing a English project on Navy SEALs and our training.  What I appreciate from the young man who sent me the typed letter was the perfect use of English.  Usually, I receive these type of requests in text language often a paragraph of 15-20 lines with NO punctuation, NO capitalized letters, and littered with misspellings.  Many requests are just a mess of words that brutalize the English language and that I have to figure out the 5-6 questions I need to answer.  Since this young man, took the effort and cared enough to actually write, I am going all out to answer his questions as thoroughly as possible.

Here are the questions he asks:  These are very commonly asked questions and should provide many future SEALs / Spec Ops members with some valuable insight:
(answers in BOLD)

1.  Why did you want to be a Navy SEAL?

When I joined the military when I was 18, I was accepted into the US Naval AcademyAt that time in my life, I knew I wanted to serve, but I did not know what area.  Truthfully, I was looking at becoming a pilot mainly because in 1987 there was not much information on Navy SEALs and what they did.  Once I got to the Academy, I met and started training with the Navy SEALs in the mornings before school.  I found it helped me quickly change from power lifting football player shape to an advanced military shape that I needed to excel at the Academy.  After a year, then two years of this type of training, I was hooked and got to know many other SEAL wanna-be's who successfully completed the program.  I was determined to follow that path after countless people providing their positive feedback about the experiences of not only training itself but the life in the Teams.  The SEALs seemed like a great job to pursue.

2. What distinguishes SEALs from other Special Forces in the military?

Mainly the ability to insert from / extract into and live in the water.  SEALs will always have one foot in the water and these skills are valuable as most of the people on Earth live near the shore line.  Now, we also focus on Land and Air operations and have an outstanding record in Iraq, Afghanistan, and other regions, but what makes us different is our abilities in the water.  Personally, I think we have a huge respect for the ocean and what mother nature can bring down on you if she wishes.  We do not conquer the ocean - the ocean let's us work in it when she wants us to.

3. Are there many career opportunities available within the Navy SEALs?

Sure - even if you are not a SEAL there are a number of opportunities for you such as physiologist, psychologists, sports medicine, linguists, intelligence analysts and many, many more in a number of activities from underwater, air, weapons, martial arts, etc, etc.   BUT for the SEALs - yes you can spend 20-30 years in the SEAL teams as an officer or enlisted doing a variety of jobs from instructor, team leader, recruiter, trainer, and even retired SEAL consultant.

4.  Generally speaking, what type of compensation and benefits do SEALs receive?

Well, this depends on the amount of years you have in the service, officer or enlisted but all get medical, dental, life insurance, housing allowances and other pays such as Dive Pay, Jump Pay, Hazardous Duty Pay, Language Pay (foreign language skills) and Bonuses as well.  It all adds up to a nice living.  See pay charts online but you may have to search for updated pay charts as it tends to increase with cost of living changes each year.

5.  What would you recommend doing physically and mentally to prepare for BUD/S?

First I recommend becoming a team player - learn how to work together with others as on a sports team.  Know what it means to play for a common goal (mission) and even with pain sometimes.  Work out hard for your sports to get bigger, faster, stronger, more endurance and all of these will later help you at SEAL training.  I have countless ideas about training and how to train depending upon your athletic history.  See Navy SEAL Articles

6. What is the best approach to be guaranteed a shot at BUD/S training?

You have to ace the "entrance exam" first - the BUD/S Physical Screening Test (PST).  It is composed of a

500 yd swim using side stroke, breast stroke (underwater recovery strokes) Combat Swimmer Stroke is a nick name for a modified side stroke - See CSS
Pushups 2 min
Situps 2min
Pullups max reps
1.5 mile run

Above Average:  If you can score:  sub 9 min swim, 100+, 100+, 20+, and 9 min run respectively you have an 85% chance of graduating SEAL training compared to if you score the posted minimum standards you only have about a 6% chance of graduation.  That is why they started pre-screening students and they have to reach closer to the above average numbers before going to BUDS now. 

Also - you have to have a high school diploma or some college credits with a GED, no felonies on your record, and meet the height / weight standards.

But for the How to Get to BUDS Info - see article on topic

7.  What consistent characteristics do BUD/S candidates who succeed have?

A competitive nature!  I recently asked as many SEALs as I could why they made it through and a majority of those had something to prove to themselves, to others who doubted them, as well as to their classmates at BUDS.  Each day was a competition - not a day that we had to endure.  When you think about winning a race, max pullup contest, or an obstacle course race, you get pumped up for it - adrenaline races and it is GAME ON!  Time to compete.  If you think about competing everyday you will never think about quitting at BUD/S.  They also know how to work with pain and discomfort.

8.  What can I do to better prepare myself right now (3-4 years away from training)?

Play sports, workout hard, and get good at swimming, swimming with fins, SCUBA diving, running, high rep calisthenics, and weights too.  You have to get good at ALL of the above.  You do not have to be great in ALL, in fact every body has a weakness at BUD/S, but get good at everything.  Learning how to be a team player right now is critical to you being able to work well as a team member on ANY Spec Ops unit.  Study hard - make good grades.  Learn a foreign language (French, Spanish, Chinese, Korean, Russian, Arabic, etc)

                                              Surviving BUD/S

9.  What was the hardest thing about SEAL Training?

Like I stated above - we all had weaknesses.  Mine was running.  I had to put out every time to stay in the pack in running.  I got better at running prior to BUD/S and actually we a decent runner by the time I finished BUD/S.  But each run was a challenge.  I went through training at 200-205lbs and have always been faster when lighter.  Many people have issues with the water confidence, cold temperatures, and constantly being wet and sandy.  Getting used to being uncomfortable is key otherwise it will drive you crazy.  Getting yelled at by instructors got to people and the daily head games they will play with you takes it toll if you lack any self motivation / self confidence.

10.  After graduation from BUD/S, what are the daily responsibilities of that SEAL?

Immediately after BUD/S you still have several months of training to complete before you are ready to become an active member of a SEAL team.  So your responsibilities are to remain in RECEIVE MODE and take in as much as possible from your instructors.  It is your job to learn advanced tactics / skills that will help you become proficient as well as keep you alive.  After that - once at a Team - your job is to prepare for upcoming deployments into foreign countries by training, training, training.  You only get to be the best at something if you do it well over and over again - not only yourself but as a TEAM.  That is why understanding team dynamics is one of the most critical skills you can learn as a teenager.

Thanks to the young man from New Hampshire for making this a much less painful process by taking the time to actually write.  I wish you the best of luck with the project as well as any future dreams of becoming a Navy SEAL. 

Take this as a lesson young men and women out there.  Sure it is a cool thing to be able to communicate in a quick text language, but if you are truly expecting to one day be in the military, law enforcement, or fire fighting profession - OR ANY JOB for that matter - you have to learn how to write.  Otherwise text language just shows you are really too lazy to actually write or worse you cannot communicate with others properly.  Writing requests to your boss, writing reports, planning missions, and creating power points will all be part of your profession.  Do not lose this skill by ONLY communicating in text language in your emails and written correspondence.


Other Articles and Question / Answers:

2011 - Q and A - Spec Ops Fitness Related

General SEAL Training Q and A

 Send me an email and I may post it up as an article next week. You can contact me at 


Stew Smith is a former Navy SEAL and fitness author certified as a Strength and Conditioning Specialist (CSCS) with the National Strength and Conditioning Association. If you are interested in starting a workout program to create a healthy lifestyle - check out the Fitness eBook store and the Stew Smith article archive at To contact Stew with your comments and questions, e-mail him at

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Published Books / DVDs
Complete Guide to Navy SEAL Fitness (Book / DVD)

The Complete List of Stew Smith's eBooks:

Fitness for All Levels of Fitness

The 90 Day Beginner Guide to Fitness
The Advanced Maintenance and Recovery Program

Reclaim Your Life - The Erin O'Neill Program

Veteran's Fitness - Baby Boomer and a Flat Stomach

The Busy Executive Workout Routine
The Advanced Weights / PT Workout (Fall / Winter Weight Gain Cycle)
The Perfect Pushup Workout

The TRX Workout
- Circuit Training 101 ebook

NEW Obstacle Course Race Ebook

The Special Forces Physical Fitness Workouts
 Combat Conditioning Workout

Navy SEAL Workout Phase 1  Beginner Weeks 1-9
Navy SEAL Workout Phase 2 - 3 - Intermediate Weeks 1-12
Navy SEAL Workout Phase 4  Grinder PT -  Four weeks before Hell Week

Navy SWCC Workout

The Army Special Forces / Ranger Workout 

The Army Air Assault School Workout

The Army Airborne Workout

The OCS, ROTC, Service Academy, & Bootcamp Workouts

New - Army PRT and CRT
Navy, Air Force, and Coast Guard OCS Workout

The USMC IST and PFT Workout
USMC OCS / TBS Workout
The Service Academy Workout (West Point, Navy, Air Force Academy)
The Navy, Air Force, Marine Corp Bootcamp Workout

The Army OCS and PFT Workout
The PFT Bible - Military / Police Standard PFT


The Law Enforcement Physical Fitness Test Workouts

The FBI Academy / PFT Prep Workout

The DEA Prep Workout

The FLETC Prep Workout - Ace the PEB

The State / Local Police Academy Workout

The Fire Fighter Workout

Seal Multi Men's Multi-Vitamin Multi-Mineral

TRX Train Like the Pros


Some Titles Above available in Print Softcover Format